Cell culture relates to the removal of cells from a specie and the subsequent growth in a favourable artificial environment. The cells are either removed from the tissue or obtained from an already established cell line or cell strain. To develop diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, NiiN is linked to the Infectious disease and human biospecimen laboratory which is essential to promote research by supporting stable and efficient Specimen Bank. Here this technique is used to cultivate immune cells of interest. The bank provides quality-controlled biospecimens to researchers and industries thereby supporting advanced research e.g cells from cervical cancer biopsy can be immortalized and become capable of renewing itself in artificial culture indefinitely.
The Cell Bank, intends and collects human culture cells derived from various disease patients, or human stem cells including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells or adult mesenchymal stem cells and somatic cell lines, preserve the sample properties, maintain integrity of the associated clinical or genetic data and authenticate them.
Cell culture is one of the major tools used in biotechnology providing excellent model systems for studying the effects of drugs and toxic compounds on the cells, and mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. Additionally, it is applied in drug screening and development, and large-scale manufacturing of biological compounds (e.g., vaccines, therapeutic proteins).